Peaceful Societies

Alternatives to Violence and War

News and Reviews

Piaroa Protest Guerillas in their Midst


A couple Piaroa leaders spoke out in the Venezuelan media to condemn the presence in their communities of people they claimed were FARC guerillas. An article in the online Venezuelan news service El Pitazo on November 25 described the conditions in the Huottoja (Piaroa) majority communities where the guerillas have taken up residence.

A Piaroa family in the Amazonas state of Venezuela

A Piaroa family in the Amazonas state of Venezuela (Photo by José Mijares formerly in Wikimedia, Creative Commons license)

The two Piaroa leaders, Antonio Palacios and Eliseo Martínez, along with their lawyer Juan Alberto Díaz, announced on a radio station that they had held a meeting on October 29 that included people from the southern portion of the Atures municipality. At that meeting, the Piaroa strongly rejected the presence of the FARC guerillas in their communities and throughout Amazonas State.

The attorney indicated that the Piaroa rejection of the FARC forces was overwhelming, especially in the villages in which they are the majority ethic group. They argue that the FARC invaders are violating their human rights as well as their natural rights. Mr. Díaz said that in several of their communities the guerillas are influencing the Piaroa to commit illegal acts.

The Piaroa leaders also maintain their evidence shows the guerillas are being supported by the government of Venezuela. The indigenous spokespeople said they had sent a formal complaint to the appropriate government agencies. But they absolutely refuse to negotiate directly with the guerillas since the latter so clearly disrespect their customs.

Liborio Guarulla, Governor of Amazonas State, Venezuela

Liborio Guarulla, Governor of Amazonas State, Venezuela (Screen capture from the video “Diálogo Maduro-Oposición: Palabras de Liborio Guarulla, gobernador de Amazonasbbb ” on YouTube, Creative Commons license)

According to El Pitazo, complaints about the violent groups in the border areas of Venezuela are not new. The former governor of Amazonas State, Liborio Guarulla, has frequently accused the Maduro government of being the principal financier of the guerillas.

The news service quotes Governor Guarulla directly. In the Google translation of his remarks, he said, “The presence of the guerillas in the Amazon represents the invasion of armed people involved in the mining, food and fuel smuggling businesses. They rule in the mines with government authorization, because they pay the military. It is an open secret. We [have] become a land of illegal mining and Colombian guerillas.”


A Brief History of Tristan


Italics Magazine, an English-language online periodical covering anything related to Italy and the Italian people, published a story on November 25 about Tristan da Cunha. While the overall purpose of the piece is to review the salient facts of Tristan history, the writer, Andrea Angelini, pays special attention to the Italian seamen who settled on the island.

A sign on Tristan claiming to be the most remote human settled island on earth

A sign on Tristan claiming to be the most remote settled island on earth (Photo by Brian Gratwicke on Flickr, Creative Commons license)

The author opens with the facts about the isolation of Tristan—located in the middle of the South Atlantic Ocean more than a thousand miles from any other human settlement. The island was first sighted in 1506 by the Portuguese seafarer Tristão da Cunha, after whom it was named. About 137 years later, crew members from a Dutch East India ship, the Heemstede, successfully made the first landing on the shore of Tristan.

The first people to attempt to live there were an American seal hunter, Jonathan Lambert, and two sailors, Andrew Millet and Tommaso Corri, who moved onto the island in 1810. Lambert declared the island to be his personal property. But two years later Lambert and Millet were killed in an accident which Corri, who was an Italian, couldn’t adequately explain to the British marine garrison that arrived in 1816.

When the garrison was withdrawn from the island in 1817, William Glass got permission to remain with his wife and their two children and establish a settlement. Glass became the first governor of Tristan da Cunha. Angelini observes that Tristan became the world’s only true socialist entity, where no one rules others, where there is no private ownership of property, and where work, costs, and gains are shared equally.

The flag of Tristan da Cunha

The flag of Tristan da Cunha (Photo by Brian Gratwicke on Flickr, Creative Commons license)

Additional people gradually augmented the settlement on Tristan, either due to shipwrecks, by choice, or a combination of the two. A group of five women were brought to the island in 1827 from Saint Helena and the population began to grow more rapidly. The author mentions some of the additional men who decided, as the nineteenth century went along, to settle on Tristan and establish families.

The Italians Gaetano Lavarello and Andrea Repetto, both from the town of Camogli, arrived due to shipwreck in 1892. They were crew members of a ship named the Italia carrying a load of coal from Scotland to Cape Town which caught fire in the ocean. The captain saved the lives of his 16 crew members by steering the ship onto some rocks near Tristan, where everyone could make it to the island on lifeboats.

The residents on Tristan housed and cared for them for three months until a ship stopped and offered them passage. Lavarello and Repetto refused to leave—they had fallen for two Tristanian women. They had numerous children and added their family names to the others already established on Tristan.

The author concludes his story by recounting the saga of the forced evacuation of the island in 1961 when the volcano began erupting. The islanders were housed in the UK for 18 months until a small group of them, in the spring of 1963, returned to clean up the settlement and prepare for the others. Six months later most of the rest of the islanders followed, resuming their traditions at the world’s most remote human settlement.



Older News and Reviews

News and reviews of publications relating to peaceful societies—and sometimes to related topics—are normally posted here on Thursday mornings (U.S. time). Older news and reviews for the year are listed on the 2016 page, and ones from previous years are listed on the News and Reviews 2004 page, the 2005 page, the 2006 page, the 2007 page, the 2008 page, the 2009 page, the 2010 page, the 2011 page, the 2012 page, the 2013 page, the 2014 page and the 2015 page. All stories are also included in the News and Reviews Subject Listing. They are listed at the bottom of each society entry in the Encyclopedia of Selected Peaceful Societies, after the heading: Updates: News and Reviews. News and reviews about peacefulness in general are referred to from the bottom of the Facts page, while news stories about this website are linked from the About This Website page. News and Reviews can also be found with the search bar.